Institut für Verfahrenstechnik, Umwelttechnik und Techn. Biowissenschaften
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EU-Projekt "Fecundus"

Wir bitten um Verständnis, dass die Informationen über dieses Projekt derzeit nur in englischer Sprache verfügbar sind.

 

100 kW Dual fluid bed gasification pilot plant used for Fecundus

Coal based gasification processes for power generation did not prove themselves to have an economic advantage in the past years compared to combustion plants using coal or natural gas. Nowadays, the economic background has changed as a consequence of the increased oil and gas price and the need to diversify energy resources. Therefore there is renewed interest in developing gasification of biomass/wastes along with low rank coals. Gasification studies with these fuels will benefit from the R&D work done with coal. Fluidised beds are favoured for this type of application as they are fuel flexible, do not require the fine grinding needed for entrained gasification processes (grinding is difficult with many forms of biomass) and they are suitable for a very wide range of scales of operation. On the other hand, entrained flow gasification offers valuable advantages for coal gasification, thanks to the higher temperature that can be achieved, improving the reaction kinetics and process efficiency.

The project aims at integrating gasification schemes for the co-gasification of coal, biomass and wastes with processes for CO2 separation and capture. Fluidised bed and entrained flow gasification processes will be considered thanks to their flexibility and effectiveness for carrying out thermal conversion of different feedstock.

The contribution of the Institute of Chemical Engineering will be the evaluation of the fluidised bed process: Several fuels, like different coals, biomass types and wastes, will be used as a fuel for the dual fluid gasification process (Fig.1) in addition with different process condition (temperature, fluidization, gas solid interaction, etc.). A tecno-economic validation of the done tests with a process simulation tool is also part of the project.

Seven work-packages are foreseen dealing with management, outcomes dissemination, tailoring gasification schemes for integration with CO2 separation, development of materials for gas cleaning, char upgrading, and CO2 separation.

Project Partners

  • Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (Italy)
  • Laboratorio Nacional de Energia eGeologia, I.P. (Portugal)
  • Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (Spain)
  • Institute of Chemical Process Fundamentals of the ASCR  (Czech Republic)
  • Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  • ELCOGAS S.A. (Spain)
  • Dip. Ingegneria Chimica ed Alimentare UNISA (Italy)
  • Joint Research Center – Institute for Energy (Belgium)

Project Homepage www.fecundus.cnr.it

 

Contact:

Univ.Ass. Dipl.-Ing.(FH) Dr.techn. Johannes Schmid

Project team:

Stefan Kern

Christoph Pfeifer

Project status:

Project finalized, report published